Diseases

Glossary

Adenine

Algorithms

Alpers disease

Alzheimer/Parkinsonism

Amyloid plaque

Aqueous humor

Apoptosis

Ataxia

Ataxia, Leukodystrophy

Atherosclerosis

ATP (adenosine triphosphate)

Audiogram

Autosomal dominant

Autosomal recessive

AZT (azidothymidine)

Barth Syndrome

Batten’s disease

Beta-oxidation Defect

Beta secretase site

Brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP)

Cardiomyopathy

Carnitine-Acyl-Carnitine Deficiency

Carnitine Deficiency

Cataract

Cellular differentiation

Cell signaling

Cochlear implants

Co-Enzyme Q10 Deficiency

Complex I Deficiency

Complex II Deficiency

Complex III Deficiency

Complex IV Deficiency

Complex V Deficiency

COX Deficiency

CPEO Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia

CPT I Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase I Deficiency

CPT II Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase II Deficiency

Creatine Deficiency Syndromes

Cybid cell lines

Cytochrome oxidase

DAD Diabetes Mellitus and Deafness

Deafness

Maternal (mtDNA): Point mutations

Amino-glycoside induced: 12s rRNA

Syndromic (HAM; MELAS; MERRF): tRNA

Non-syndromic: 12s rRNA

Decision Development Cost Interplay Model

Dementias

Diabetes

Didanosine

DIDMOAD Wolfram Syndrome Diabetes Insipidus, Diabetes Mellitus, Optic Atrophy, and Deafness

Dopamine

Dystonia

Echocardiogram

Efficacy

Electrocardiogram (EKG)

Electroretinogram

Embolus

Exocrine pancreatic dysfunction

Exocytosis

Free radical damage

Genes

Genome

Glaucoma

Glutaric Aciduria Type II

Gomori trichrome

Growth factor gene expression

Guamanian Parkinsonian Dementia

Guanine

Headache

Heavy metals

Hepatopathy

Hypoparathyroidism

Industrialize

Insulin sensitivity

Intestinal pseudo-obstruction

James Parkinson

KS Kearns−Sayre Syndrome

Lactic Acidosis

LCAD Long-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase

LCHAD Long-Chain 3-Hydroxyacyl-Coenzyme A Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON)

Leigh Syndrome, Subacute Sclerosing Encephalopathy

Leukemia

LHON Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

LHON Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

LIC Lethal Infantile Cardiomyopathy

Lou Gehrig’s disease

Luft Disease

Lymphoma

MAD Multiple Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or scan (MRS)

MCAD Medium-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase

MELAS Mitochondrial Myopathy, Encephalomyopathy, Lactic Acidosis, Stroke-like Episodes

Mendelian-inherited

MERRF Myoclonic Epilepsy with Ragged Red Fibers

Metabolic acidosis

MILS Maternally Inherited Leigh's Syndrome

MIRAS Mitochondrial Recessive Ataxia Syndrome

Mitochondrial Cytopathy

Mitochondrial DNA Depletion

Mitochondrial Encephalopathy

Mitochondrial Myopathy

MNGIE Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal Encephalopathy

MNGIE Myoneurogenic Gastrointestinal Encephalopathy

Molecular anthropology

Multiple System Atrophy (MSA)

Myelopathy

Myoclonic epilepsy

Myoclonus

Myositis

Inclusion Body

COX- Muscle Fibers

Myopathies

NARP Neuropathy, Ataxia, Retinitis Pigmentosa and Ptosis

Nephropathy

Neurodegeneration

Neurodegenerative diseases

Neuropathy

Ophthalmoplegia

Optic neuropathy

Oxidative damage

Oxidative phosphorylation

Pancytopenia

Parkinson’s Disease

Pearson Syndrome

Penumbral area

PEO Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia

Peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral Vision

Personalized Medicine

Pharmacokinetic

Pigmentary retinopathy

Point mutations

PolyADP ribose phosphatase (PARP)

POLG DNA Polymerase Subunit Gamma Mutations

Polyamines

Polyneuropathies

Presbycusis

Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency

Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Ragged red fibers

Retina

SCAD short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase

SCHAD Short-Chain 3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase

Seizures

Sensorineural hearing impairment

Sideroblastic anemia

Streptozotocin

Stria vascularis or hair cells

Stroke

Tissue plasminogen activator.

Transcription of DNA

Uric acid

Verne Mendel

VLCAD Very Long-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase

Zalcitabine